2018 Reading B Answers

 

Week 1  1

Unit 12: What is the Topic and Main Idea?  1

Speed Reading 11: James Brooke  1

Thinking Skills – Music  1

Week 2  1

Homework Answers  1

Thinking Skills – Friends  1

Unit 13: Patterns of Organization  1

Speed Reading 12: King Mongkut of Thailand  1

Week 3  1

Homework Answers  1

Unit 14: Paragraph Pattern: Listing Order 1

Speed Reading 13: Jainism   1

Thinking Skills – Work/Money  1

Week 4  1

Homework Answers  1

Unit 15: Paragraph Pattern – Cause and Effect 1

Thinking Skills – Sports  1

Speed Reading 14: The Inuit 1

Week 5  1

Homework Answers  1

Unit 16: Skimming & Scanning - Review   1

Speed Reading 15: Life in the Pacific Islands  1

Thinking Skills: Superstitions  1

Week 6  1

Homework Answers  1

Unit 17: Paragraph Pattern -Time Order 1

Speed Reading 16:Jayapanra  1

Thinking Skills – News  1

Week 7  1

Test 1  1

Week 8  1

Preparation of Oral Book Reports  1

 

 


 

Week 1

 

 

Unit 12: What is the Topic and Main Idea?

 

Speed Reading 11: James Brooke

 

1(b)      6(b)

2(a)      7(c)

3(d)      8(b)

4(b)      9(d)

5(a)    10(d)

 

Thinking Skills – Music

 

1. b

2. a

3. c

4. d

5. a

 

Task 1

1.

b

2.

b

 

Task 2

1.

D

2.

a

 

Task 3

Main idea -

Making your own toothpaste is simple.

 

Task 4

Topic –

(living) a normal life

Main idea –

In order to live a normal life, people need to live in a secure and positive environment.

 

Task 5

Topic –

Japanese charities (charitable organizations)

Main idea –

Japan has many charitable organizations as well as individual people who help others at home and abroad.

 

Task 6

Topic –

Vocabulary

Main idea –

All people have four different levels of vocabulary.

 

 


 

Week 2

 

Homework Answers

 

Task 1.

1. b    2.    c

 

Task 2

Topic: reproductive cloning

Main idea: Reproductive cloning has many potential advantages.

 

Task 3

A 4  wage difference (in Japan and Honduras)

B  3  (beginning of) fast food restaurants

C  1  (economic) globalisation

D  2  (benefits of economic) globalisation (in developing countries)

 

Thinking Skills – Friends

 

1. b

2. c

3. b

4. d

5. A

 

Unit 13: Patterns of Organization

 

Speed Reading 12: King Mongkut of Thailand

 

1

c

6

b

2

d

7

a

3

a

8

b

4

c

9

d

5

c

10

b

 

Practice 1

1.      time order

2.      cause & effect

3.      contrast

4.      comparison

5.      listing

 

Practice 2

1. positive       2. negative

 

Practice 3

 

        A/B pair work

 

Practice 4

1.      listing

2.      cause & effect (it could also be argued that it is listing)

3.      time-order

4.      contrast

Week 3

 

Homework Answers

 

1.

time-order

2.

cause/effect

3.

contrast

4.

comparison

5.

listing

6.

contrast

7.

time-order

8.

listing

9.

contrast

10.

cause/effect

 

Unit 14: Paragraph Pattern: Listing Order

 

Speed Reading 13: Jainism

 

1

c

6

a

2

c

7

a

3

d

8

a

4

b

9

c

5

b

10

d

 

 

Thinking Skills – Work/Money

 

1. c          2. b          3. a          4. c          5. a

 

Transition words

the first kind, another kind, another type, the final kind, also, finally, for example, one example of this is etc

 

Exercise One

1. For example:

1.      global warming

2.      water shortage

3.      overcrowding

4.      aging population – young people having to work longer hours and people having to retire later

2. For example:

1.      better technology – a better standard of living

2.      better medical care – people will live longer and be healthier

3.      globalisation will help reduce racism

 

Paragraph 1

1.      3

2.      For example, also, Finally

3.       

cthey need to be able to walk the streets without being attacked or robbed.

cthey need to be able to live in a healthy environment free from pollution.

cthey need to feel that they are safe from harm and abuse in the workplace, and they get fair pay and fair working conditions.

 

 

 

Paragraph 2

Topic  (how) Factory Farms (reduce costs)

Main idea – Factory farms do two things to try to reduce costs.

1.         2

2.          

The first way

The second way

3.          

cis by doing everything on a very large scale.

cis by getting more out of the land.

 

Paragraph 3

 

1. b

 

Paragraph 4

1.    

First               Second           The third harm

2.       

cas the worldfs population has increased, so has the demand for clean drinking water.

ca larger population also means more food is needed. More food requires more water for additional crops.

cis due to human waste. Most waste goes untreated and is released into the same waterways from which drinking water is taken.

 

Topic sentence:  As the worldfs population has increased, it has had a drastic effect on the amount of freshwater available.

 

Paragraph 5

 

1.         Topic: organ transplants

2.         Main idea:  Before an organ transplant can take place, there are three steps that must be followed.

3.          

First           Second       The third step

4.       

cthe doctors must decide that a patientfs own damaged organs cannot be treated in any other way.

cthe organs must be vital to the patient.

cis for the patient to register with an organ transplant network.

 

 


 

Week 4

 

Homework Answers

 

Check Book Reports

 

Paragraph 1

 

Topic Sentence:  Recently many developing and developed countries are becoming concerned at the lack of clean water available.

 

Paragraph 2

 

Topic: studentsf low grades

Main idea:  Students often receive low grades on their paragraphs because they have problems with time management.

 

Paragraph 3

 

2

1

3

5

4

 

 

Paragraph 4

 

Topic: cloning

Main idea: Cloning is not new.

 

Paragraph 5

 

1.         Topic:    writing

2.         Main idea: There are four basic modes of writing.

3.         The first   The second     The third        The fourth

4.          

Giving directions on how to get to Aoyama Gakuin from Shibuya Station. is an example of expository writing

A paragraph that tries to convince the reader that junior colleges have an advantage over four-year universities is an example of persuasive writing.

A paragraph that tells the reader what Aoyama Gakuin campus looks like is an example of descriptive writing

A paragraph about a busy day or a wonderful holiday is an example of narrative writing.

 

Paragraph 6

1.          

 

3

6

1

2

4

5

7

 

2.         Topic: Japanese charities

3.         Main idea: Japan has many charitable organisations as well as individual people who reach out to help others at home and abroad.

 

 

Paragraph 7

 

1.         Topic: Oxfam International

2.         Main idea: Oxfam International is a charitable organization dedicated to improving the lives of those who are most in need.

3.          

In addition     Furthermore  also

4.          

cto asking for donations, goods, and raising funds, it helps to find solutions to poverty, suffering and injustice.

cmembers of Oxfam try to influence people in positions of power, so that they will write laws to benefit those living below the poverty line.

cwork with the underprivileged to help them organize themselves to speak up for their rights.

 

 

Unit 15: Paragraph Pattern – Cause and Effect

 

       

Thinking Skills – Sports

 

1. b          2. d          3. d          4. c          5. a

 

Speed Reading 14: The Inuit

1.       2.       3.        4.       5.

c         d        a         b        c

6.       7.       8.        9.       10.

c         a        b        c         a

 

Transition words for the cause and effect pattern

 

ifcthen, because, as a result of, to be the reason for, therefore, consequently, so, thus, since, due to, as a consequence, etc.

 

Exercise 1

 

                  Causes

 

1.   Being overweight is sometimes a result of eating too much.

2.   Lack of exercise can result in a person becoming overweight.

3.   Being overweight is sometimes caused by a personfs genes (your family bloodline).

 

                    Effects

 

1.   Being overweight can cause heart problems.

2.   Being overweight can result in shortness of breath.

3.   In Japan, being overweight can make it difficult to find clothes when shopping.

 

 

 

 

Exercise 3

 

1.    Cause: lack of exercise

    Effect: weight gain

    Signal words: can result in

 

2.    Cause: stress

Effect: illness

Signal words: is one of the major causes

        

3.    Cause: unless you have a suitable chair c.when you use a computer for too long

    Effect: back problems

    Signal words: can occur

 

4.    Cause: she studied really hard

    Effect: she came top in the class

    Signal words: because

 

5. Cause: she studied really hard

    Effect: she came top in the class

    Signal words: because

 

6. Cause: I saw my boyfriend with another girl

    Effect: I finished with him

    Signal words: so

 

7. Cause: my father

    Effect: my height

    Signal words: comes from

 

8. Cause: my father

    Effect: as well as my height my bad temper

    Signal words: comes from

 

9. Cause: I was absent too many times

    Effect: I failed the course

    Signal words: because

 

10. Cause: eating carrots

      Effect: me to see in the dark

      Signal words: would enable me

        

 

       

Paragraph 1

 

1.         Topic:  organ donations (in Japan)

2.         c

 

Paragraph 2

 

reason         means   as a result     unless

 

 

1.         Topic:  brain death organ transplants

2.         Main idea:  In Japan, there is a law that in the case of brain death children under fifteen cannot donate their organs, and so many children who need transplants die.

3.          

a.  C

b.  E

c.   E

 


Week 5

 

Homework Answers

 

Check Book Reports

 

Paragraph 1

 

1.         Topic: organ transplants

2.         Main idea: One serious problem with organ transplants, especially for the Japanese, is that there arenft enough organs for the people who need them.

 

3.          E

4.          E

5.          C

6.          C

 

Paragraph 2

 

Topic: (reproductive) cloning

Main idea: Many people are against the use of cloning for human reproduction purposes for both medical and moral reasons.

 

Paragraph 3

 

Topic: Insects

Main idea: Insects are the most numerous living creatures on earth (for three main reasons).

 

Paragraph 4

 

Topic: superstitions

Main idea: Often the reason for a superstition is based on practicality.

 

 

Unit 16: Skimming & Scanning - Review

       

Speed Reading 15: Life in the Pacific Islands

 

1

b

6

a

2

b

7

c

3

c

8

c

4

d

9

c

5

d

10

c

 

 

 

 

 

Thinking Skills: Superstitions

 

1. a         2. b      3. a       4. c                5. c

 

 

Reading Comprehension: Superstitions

 

1

c

2

misfortune

3

b

4

c

5

c

6

a

7

d

8

b

9

b

10

c


Week 6

Homework Answers

 

Practice One

 

1. c

2. d

3. a

4. b

 

Task One

 

1.   cooking fruit with meat

2.   beef

3.   The Berbers

4.   green tea with mint

5.   kaab elghzal (gazellefs horns)

 

Task Two

 

1. B

2. B

3. B

4. A

5. A

 

Unit 17: Paragraph Pattern -Time Order

 

Speed Reading 16:Jayapanra

 

1

a

6

c

2

b

7

d

3

b

8

d

4

d

9

d

5

a

10

c

 

Thinking Skills – News

 

1. a          2. d          3. c          4. b          5. a

 

Exercise 1

Transition words for the time-order pattern :

 

first, next, second, third, finally, previously, during, at first, eventually, then, after that etc

 

Exercise 3

1.   next

2.   then

3.   at first

4.   still

5.   eventually

 

Exercise 4

4   3   2   1

 

 

 

 

Reading Comprehension # 4

 

 

1

a

2

c

3

c

4

b

5

b

6

c

7

b

8

a

9

b

10

c

 

Week 7

 

Test 1

 

Week 8

 

Preparation of Oral Book Reports